R.S., 1985, c. commercial packaging. C-38, s. 2 1992, c. 1, s. 145( F) 1995, c. 1, ss. 62, 63 1997, c. 6, s. 40 1999, c. 2, s. 44 2011, c. 21, s. 1192012, c. 24, s. 80 Minimal note: Application despite other Acts ( 1 ) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) and any regulations made under section 18, the arrangements of this Act that are relevant to any product apply despite any other Act of Parliament.
C-38, s. 32012, c. 24, s. 81 Minimal note: Prohibition respecting labels ( 1 ) No dealer will sell, import into Canada or advertise any prepackaged item unless that product has used to it a label containing a statement of net quantity of the product in the form and manner needed by this Act or prescribed and in terms of eitheras might be recommended (postal law).
1970-71-72, c. 41, s. 4 1976-77, c. 55, s. 3 Limited note: Prohibition respecting marketing No dealership shall, in advertising any prepackaged product, make any representation with respect to the net amount of the product other than in accordance with this Act and the regulations. Minimal note: Prohibition respecting packaging No dealer will offer or import into Canada any prepackaged product that is packaged in such a manner that it does not fulfill the product packaging requirements developed in relation to that item by guidelines made pursuant to subsection 11( 1 ).
Definition of false or misleading representation( 2 ) For the functions of this area, false or misleading representation consists of( a) any representation in which expressions, words, figures, representations or symbols are used, arranged or displayed in a manner that might reasonably be considered as qualifying the stated net quantity of a packaged item or as most likely to trick a customer with regard to the net quantity of a prepackaged item;( b) any expression, word, figure, representation or sign that indicates or may reasonably be regarded as implying that a prepackaged item contains any matter not consisted of in it or does not include any matter in reality included in it; and( c) any description or illustration of the type, quality, performance, function, origin or approach of manufacture or production of a packaged item that might fairly be considered as likely to trick a consumer with respect to the matter so explained or shown.
R.S., 1985, c. C-38, s. 7 2015, c. 3, s. 42( F) [Rescinded, 2012, c. 24, s. 82] Marginal note: Containers of packaged items ( 1 ) No dealer shall sell, import into Canada or promote any packaged product that is packaged in a container that has actually been produced, constructed or filled or is displayed in such a way that a customer may reasonably be misinformed with regard to the quality or quantity of the product – commercial packaging.
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Limited note: Label consisting of declaration of net quantity Each label containing a statement of net amount of the packaged item to which it is applied shall( a) be applied to the prepackaged product in such kind and manner as might be recommended; and( b) program, in such type and manner and in such scenarios as may be recommended,( i) the identity and principal place of company of the person by or for whom the prepackaged product was produced or produced for resale,( ii) the identity of the prepackaged item in terms of its common or generic name or in regards to its function, and( iii) such information respecting the nature, quality, age, size, product content, composition, geographical origin, efficiency, usage or technique of manufacture or production of the packaged item as may be prescribed.
Marginal note: Recommendations for establishing product packaging requirements( 2 ) For the purpose of establishing product packaging requirements for any packaged item or class of packaged product, the Minister shall seek the advice of at least one company in Canada of customers and one organization of dealers because prepackaged item or class of prepackaged product and may look for the advice of the Standards Council of Canada or any organization in Canada participated in requirements formula (commercial packaging law).
Limited note: Assessment( 2 ) The Minister may, in conducting any research study or research studies pursuant to subsection (1 ), speak with or seek the suggestions of any department or agency of any federal government, any dealers or any company of dealerships or any organization in Canada of customers – commercial packaging. Marginal note: Certificate to be produced ( 1 ) An inspector will be provided with a certificate of his designation as an inspector and on getting in any location explained in subsection (2) shall, if so required, produce the certificate to the individual in charge of that place.
Nevertheless, if a word is utilized (e.g. gram), then it is needed to reveal the equivalent word (gramme) in French. commercial packaging law. (a) Table 2 Systems of measurement English French Sign gram gramme g kg kilogramme kg litre litre L, l, l millilitre millilitre mL, ml, ml centimetre centimtre cm metre mtre m square centimetre centimtre carr cm2 square metre mtre carr m2 cubic centimetre centimtre cube cm3 cubic decimetre dcimtre cube dm3 cubic metre mtre cube m3 * making use of the signs “L” and “mL” is preferred.
Also, neither a period nor the letter “s” might be utilized after any of the signs. Examples: Correct Incorrect g g. g G g gm g gms a single space need to be utilized to separate the number from the unit of measurement. Examples: Correct Incorrect Incorrect 500 g 500g 500 g it is not needed to utilize expressions such as “net”, “net weight”, “net contents” or “net amount” as part of the net quantity declaration (commercial packaging).
The kind of unit which should be used depends upon the net quantity of product – postal law. Table 3, which follows, suggests the right system to use for a variety of procedures and sizes. (b) Table 3 Choice of units Type of Measure Web Amount of Item Units volume less than 1000 mL mL, ml, ml 1000 mL or more L, l, l weight less than 1000 g g less than 1000 g (catchweights or product prepackaged from bulk at retail) g or decimal of a kg 1000 g or more kg length less than 100 cm cm or mm 100 cm or more m location less than 100 cm2 (1 dm2) cm2 1 dm2 or more but less than 100 dm2 (1 m2) dm2 1 m2 (100 dm2) or more m2 cubic less than 1000 cm3 (1 dm3) cm3 1 dm3 or more however less than 1000 dm3 (1 m3) dm3 m3 (1000 dm3) or more m3 Areas 25 & 26 Regulations In general, the number used should be shown to 3 figures in the decimal system.
There are three exceptions allowed: quantities below 100 grams, millilitres, cubic centimetres, square centimetres, or centimetres may be shown to two figures. Any last zeros to the right of the decimal point similarly need not be expressed. Examples: Correct Permissible Incorrect 454 g 85.1 g 53.592 g 85 g 85.05 g if the amount is less than one, it might be revealed in either the decimal system with the figure zero preceding the decimal point, or in words.
These declarations might also be declared in decimal figures or in words. 500 g0.5 kg onehalf kilogramonehalf kg 500 mL0.5 Lonehalf litreonehalf L Rounding off numbers Where it is needed to roundoff the metric declaration to the defined number of figures, the treatment is as follows: When the first digit discarded is less than 5, the last digit maintained need to not be changed.
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The roundedoff number will check out 984. The exact same rationale applies to numbers under 100 (for example 68.4 and 7.34) which might be declared to two figures; again the final digit is dropped and the last digit retained remains unchanged so that the “roundedoff” numbers end up being 68 and 7.3 respectively. commercial packaging. When the very first digit to be disposed of is precisely 5, followed just by nos, the final digit to be shown must be rounded up if it is an odd number, however no adjustment made if it is an even number.
984.7 ends up being 985 984.51 ends up being 985 68.6 becomes 69 6.88 becomes 6.9 Dealerships are recommended that when the value is assembled, there may be a need to increase the bundle contents to satisfy the brand-new declared quantity. Subsections 5( 2 ), 5( 3) & 19( 2) Laws A prepackaged nonfood product that is visible, recognizable and sold by count, may be exempted from the net amount statement.
Please describe sections 5( 2) and 5( 3) of the Regulations for details. Examples of Visible, Recognizable, and Quickly Counted Products: Product Identity Statement Dealership Name and Workplace Nonfood packaged items that are packaged from bulk on a retail premise with the net quantity of the product proven on the primary display screen panel of the label in terms of a Canadian system, are exempt from the metric net quantity statement and size of type requirements.
Area 10 Act A statement showing the identity and principal place of business of the person by or for whom the prepackaged product was made or produced for resale is needed. This is translated to imply a name and address sufficient for postal delivery. Subsection 6 (2) Regulations The dealership’s name and primary workplace may be displayed in either English French.
There are three compulsory statements which need to be revealed on a label. postal law. The regulations define the way and location in which the following declarations need to appear: The item identity statement is a statement of the product’s common or generic name, or it might be specified in regards to its function.
Subsection 6( 2) Regulations The product identity must be revealed in English French. In some cases a product identity declaration is multilingual in and of itself, such as “cologne” or “serviettes”. Section 12 Laws The item identity must be shown on the “primary display panel” of the plan. Describe Section 2.5 for the definition – commercial packaging law.
Section 15 Laws There is no restriction on the type face which might be utilized. Nevertheless, this information should be quickly legible to the customer. Sections 14, 15 & 16 Regulations The type height need to be a minimum of 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) where upper case letters only are used.
For example, whether the product identity is revealed as “Hair shampoo”, “Hair shampoo” or “hair shampoo”, the type height for the letter “o” need to be a minimum of 1.6 mm. In specific cases, where the container has a principal display screen surface of 10 square centimetres (1.55 square inches) or less, the minimum type height may be minimized to 0.8 mm (1/32 inch).
Subsections 5( 1) & 5( 3) Regulations Under specific conditions, when the product is generally sold by count and is packaged in such a method that it shows up and identifiable, or the label has a precise pictorial representation of the bundle contents, an exemption from stating the product identity might use – commercial packaging law.
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Subsection 4( 1) Act Sections 21, 22, 23 & 36 Regulations Generally the net amount need to be expressed: in metric units of volume, when the product is a liquid, a gas, or is viscous; or in metric units of weight, when the product is strong; or by mathematical count when the product is sold by specific units.
Example of Product Offered by Length: Product Identity Statement Web Amount Statement Dealership Call and Workplace Where a product is declared by count, and the bundle consists of just one unit, the net quantity may be thought about stated by the product identity statement in its particular form. Where this alternative is worked out, it is suggested to display the product identity using the minimum type height specified for the net quantity declaration (Please describe Table 1).
Item Identity Declaration C. Dealership Call and Location of Business Specific exceptions to these basic rules are also prescribed by the Laws: the net amount of aerosols are declared by weight (propellant + components). Refer to area 22( 1) of the Laws. Example of Aerosol Label: Item Identity Statement Net Amount Declaration Dealer Call and Workplace the net amount of particular bidimensional products (i.e.
Describe subsections 23( 1) and 23( 2) of the Laws for information. Examples of Labels for Products Offered by Sheets and Rolls: Product Identity Declaration Web Amount Declaration Dealership Name and Workplace The usage of an additional nonmetric quantity statement is permitted providing that it is not false or misleading to the consumer.
Please note that a net quantity statement using only numbers and metric signs is considered multilingual. Subsection 4( 2) Act Sections 12 & 17 Laws The net amount statement must be displayed clearly and plainly on the “primary display screen panel” (describe Section 2.5 for definition) of the label and need to be quickly readable and in distinct contrast to any other info or representation shown on the label – commercial packaging.
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Example of Label on Principal Display Panel: Item Identity Declaration Internet Quantity Declaration Dealership Call and Workplace Section 14 Regulations The numerical part of the net amount statement need to be in vibrant face type. There is no limitation on type face for any other information consisted of in the net amount statement (i.e.
Section 14 Laws The numerical portion of the net quantity declaration must have a type height not less than the minimum size outlined in Table 1. (a) Table 1 Minimum type heights Area of Principal Display Surface Area * Minimum Type Height * Describe Area 2.6. postal law. Not more than 32 cm2 (5 in2) 1.6 mm (1/16 in) More than 32 cm2 (5 in2) however not more than 258 cm2 (40 in2) 3.2 mm (1/8 in) More than 258 cm2 (40 in2) but not more than 645 cm2 (100 in2) 6.4 mm (1/4 in) More than 645 cm2 (100 in2) but not more than 25.8 dm2 (400 in2) 9.5 mm (3/8 in) More than 25.8 dm2 (400 in2) 12.7 mm (? in) All other details in this declaration must have a type height of not less than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) where upper case letters just are used.
Marginal note: Help to inspectors( 3 ) The owner or the individual in charge of a location gotten in by an inspector pursuant to subsection (2) and everyone utilized therein will provide the inspector all sensible support to enable the inspector to bring out his tasks and functions under this Act and will provide the inspector with any information he may reasonably require with respect to the administration of this Act and the regulations. commercial packaging law.
C-38, s. 13 R.S., 1985, c. 31 (1st Supp.), s. 6 Limited note: Obstruction and incorrect statements ( 1 ) No individual shall obstruct or prevent, or knowingly make any incorrect or deceptive declarations either orally or in composing to, an inspector participated in performing his responsibilities and functions under this Act (commercial law).
Limited note: Seizure ( 1 ) Where an inspector thinks on sensible premises that any arrangement of this Act or the regulations has actually been contravened, the inspector may take and detain any product or any labelling, packaging or marketing product by methods of or in relation to which the inspector thinks on sensible premises the conflict was committed.
Minimal note: Notice to person of arrangement contravened( 3 ) Where an inspector has actually taken and detained any product or other thing pursuant to subsection (1 ), he shall, as soon as practicable, recommend the person in whose belongings the product or other thing was at the time of seizure of the arrangement of this Act or the guidelines that the inspector thinks has been contravened (commercial law).
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R.S., 1985, c. C-38, s. 15 1997, c. 6, s. 412012, c – postal law. 24, s. 83 Minimal note: Application to extend duration of detention ( 1 ) Where procedures have actually not been instituted in respect of the breach in relation to which any item or other thing was taken and apprehended pursuant to subsection 15( 1 ), the Minister may, before the expiration of the duration referred to in paragraph 15( 4 )(c) and on the serving of prior notification in accordance with subsection (2) on the owner of the product or other thing or on the person in whose possession the item or other thing was at the time of seizure, apply to a provincial court judge within whose territorial jurisdiction the seizure was produced an order extending the time during which the item or other thing may be apprehended. R.S., 1985, c. C-38, s. 16 R.S., 1985, c. 27 (1st Supp.), s. 203 1997, c. 6, s. 42 Minimal note: Forfeiture on authorization ( 1 ) Where an inspector has taken any item or other thing pursuant to subsection 15( 1) and the owner thereof or the individual in lawful ownership thereof at the time of seizure approvals in composing to the forfeiture of the product or other thing, the item or other thing is thereupon surrendered to Her Majesty.
Example of Label for an Imported Item: Item Identity Statement Internet Quantity Declaration Dealership Name and Workplace Where a product is completely produced in a nation aside from Canada, imported into Canada in bulk, packaged in Canada (besides by a merchant) and then labelled, it needs to be labelled in the exact same way as described in any one of the above formats.
For further details, potential importers must contact their local customizeds workplace. A listing of the customizeds offices can be discovered on the Canadian Border Provider Firm. Subsection 31( 1) Laws Where any reference, direct or indirect, is made on a label to the location of manufacture or printing of the label or container and not to the place of manufacture of the item, the recommendation needs to be accompanied by an additional declaration showing that the location of manufacture refers only to the label or container.
Any label info in addition to the compulsory requirements gone over above (i.e. instructions for usage, marketing declarations, etc.) does not need to appear in a bilingual way. Dealerships are, nevertheless, motivated to include such details in English and French. Restricted exemptions from the bilingual labelling requirement are offered in subsections 6( 3) and 6( 7) of the Laws for test market products (momentary exemption of approximately one year; see Section 2.4.2 below), local items, and specialty items (commercial packaging law).
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Subsection 6( 9) of the Laws supplies an exemption from the bilingual labelling requirements when the item requires understanding of a language for its proper use (i.e. greeting cards, books, talking toys, and games). The label information for these items may be shown in the language suitable to the use of the item.
Details on these requirements may be acquired from the: Workplace de la langue franaise125 Sherbrooke Street WestMontreal, QuebecH2X 1X4Telephone: 5148736565Toll free: 18888736202 Section 6 Regulations Under specific conditions, products thought about to be “test market products”, as specified by the Regulations, might be exempted for approximately one year from the bilingual labelling requirements.
In addition, the dealer should submit a notice of intent to: Deputy Commissioner of CompetitionCompetition Bureau, Fair Organisation Practices BranchPlace du Portage, Stage I50 Victoria StreetHull, Quebec, K1A 0C9 A notice of objective need to consist of the following: A description of the prepackaged item together with a sample, or an illustration of the bundle and the label.
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The suggested amount of time for test marketing (approximately one year) and the proposed beginning date. The geographic location or region in which the test market is to be conducted. Information with supporting information, to validate that the item was not previously offered in Canada because kind and to establish that it varies substantially from any other product offered in Canada with regard to its composition, function, state, or product packaging kind.
The candidate will then receive a letter describing the Bureau’s viewpoint and offering more assistance on proceeding with the test market or on remedying existing labels. Products failing to satisfy the requirements for the test market exemption are frequently not “substantially different” or do not adhere to the in-depth requirements of the regulations other than those arrangements associated with multilingual labelling.
New, special items or items which are packaged in distinct delivery systems are often thought about to be significantly various. In cases where the Bureau is of the viewpoint that an item pleases the policies respecting test marketing, dealers are encouraged that during the one year period of test marketing, distribution of the item must be restricted to regional federal government systems where the main language utilized on the label is the mom tongue of a minimum of 10 percent of the overall number of individuals residing in the unit and where the other main language is the mom tongue of less than 10 percent of the overall variety of individuals residing in the exact same city government system – postal law.
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However, due to the reality that in many cases it is just the mandatory product identity and net amount declarations which should be displayed in French and English, dealerships have the choice of offering the additional info by using pressure delicate sticker labels bearing the correct translation – commercial packaging law. This option would bring the plans into compliance with the guidelines and remove the requirement for the abovementioned test market procedure and its intrinsic limitations.
Subsection 4 (1) Laws Packaged products that undergo the labelling requirements of the Feeds Act, Fertilizers Act, Insect Control Products Act or the Seeds Act are exempt from the detailed labelling requirements (sections 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10) of the Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act. To obtain details concerning the labelling requirements for products under the Feeds Act, Fertilizers Act or Seeds Act, contact the Agriculture and AgriFood Canada workplace in your area or the head office in Ottawa at 6139528000.
However, if a word is utilized (e.g. gram), then it is needed to reveal the comparable word (gramme) in French. postal law. (a) Table 2 Units of measurement English French Sign gram gramme g kilogram kilogramme kg litre litre L, l, l millilitre millilitre mL, ml, ml centimetre centimtre cm metre mtre m square centimetre centimtre carr cm2 square metre mtre carr m2 cubic centimetre centimtre cube cm3 cubic decimetre dcimtre cube dm3 cubic metre mtre cube m3 * making use of the signs “L” and “mL” is preferred.
Likewise, neither a duration nor the letter “s” might be used after any of the symbols. Examples: Correct Incorrect g g. g G g gm g gms a single area must be utilized to separate the number from the system of measurement. Examples: Correct Incorrect Incorrect 500 g 500g 500 g it is not essential to utilize phrases such as “net”, “net weight”, “net contents” or “net amount” as part of the net quantity declaration (commercial packaging).
The type of unit which should be used depends upon the net amount of product – commercial packaging. Table 3, which follows, suggests the proper unit to utilize for a variety of measures and sizes. (b) Table 3 Option of systems Kind of Procedure Net Amount of Product Units volume less than 1000 mL mL, ml, ml 1000 mL or more L, l, l weight less than 1000 g g less than 1000 g (catchweights or product prepackaged from bulk at retail) g or decimal of a kg 1000 g or more kg length less than 100 cm cm or mm 100 cm or more m area less than 100 cm2 (1 dm2) cm2 1 dm2 or more however less than 100 dm2 (1 m2) dm2 1 m2 (100 dm2) or more m2 cubic less than 1000 cm3 (1 dm3) cm3 1 dm3 or more however less than 1000 dm3 (1 m3) dm3 m3 (1000 dm3) or more m3 Sections 25 & 26 Regulations In general, the number used should be shown to 3 figures in the decimal system.
There are three exceptions allowed: amounts below 100 grams, millilitres, cubic centimetres, square centimetres, or centimetres may be shown to 2 figures. Any final nos to the right of the decimal point likewise need not be revealed. Examples: Correct Permissible Incorrect 454 g 85.1 g 53.592 g 85 g 85.05 g if the quantity is less than one, it may be displayed in either the decimal system with the figure absolutely no preceding the decimal point, or in words.
These statements might also be declared in decimal figures or in words. 500 g0.5 kg onehalf kilogramonehalf kg 500 mL0.5 Lonehalf litreonehalf L Settling numbers Where it is necessary to roundoff the metric statement to the specified number of figures, the procedure is as follows: When the first digit disposed of is less than 5, the last digit maintained must not be altered.
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The roundedoff number will check out 984. The exact same reasoning applies to numbers under 100 (for example 68.4 and 7.34) which may be declared to two figures; once again the final digit is dropped and the last digit kept stays unchanged so that the “roundedoff” numbers become 68 and 7.3 respectively. commercial packaging. When the first digit to be disposed of is precisely five, followed only by nos, the last digit to be shown should be rounded up if it is an odd number, but no modification made if it is an even number.
984.7 ends up being 985 984.51 ends up being 985 68.6 ends up being 69 6.88 becomes 6.9 Dealerships are encouraged that when the value is rounded up, there may be a need to increase the package contents to fulfill the brand-new declared amount. Subsections 5( 2 ), 5( 3) & 19( 2) Regulations A prepackaged nonfood product that shows up, recognizable and offered by count, might be excused from the net amount statement.
Please refer to areas 5( 2) and 5( 3) of the Laws for information. Examples of Noticeable, Identifiable, and Quickly Counted Products: Product Identity Statement Dealer Call and Business Nonfood packaged items that are packaged from bulk on a retail premise with the net quantity of the item proven on the principal screen panel of the label in terms of a Canadian system, are exempt from the metric net quantity statement and size of type requirements.
Section 10 Act A declaration revealing the identity and principal business of the individual by or for whom the packaged product was made or produced for resale is required. This is translated to indicate a name and address sufficient for postal delivery. Subsection 6 (2) Regulations The dealership’s name and primary workplace might be displayed in either English French.
There are 3 obligatory statements which must be shown on a label. commercial packaging. The regulations specify the way and place in which the following declarations must appear: The item identity statement is a declaration of the product’s common or generic name, or it may be specified in regards to its function.
Subsection 6( 2) Regulations The product identity need to be displayed in English French. Sometimes a product identity declaration is bilingual in and of itself, such as “cologne” or “serviettes”. Section 12 Regulations The item identity should be shown on the “primary display screen panel” of the bundle. Describe Area 2.5 for the definition – commercial law.
Section 15 Laws There is no restriction on the type face which may be used. Nevertheless, this info needs to be easily understandable to the customer. Sections 14, 15 & 16 Laws The type height should be a minimum of 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) where upper case letters just are utilized.
For instance, whether the item identity is shown as “Shampoo”, “Hair shampoo” or “shampoo”, the type height for the letter “o” must be a minimum of 1.6 mm. In certain cases, where the container has a principal display screen surface area of 10 square centimetres (1.55 square inches) or less, the minimum type height may be reduced to 0.8 mm (1/32 inch).
Subsections 5( 1) & 5( 3) Regulations Under certain conditions, when the product is usually offered by count and is packaged in such a way that it is noticeable and identifiable, or the label has an accurate pictorial representation of the package contents, an exemption from declaring the product identity may apply – commercial packaging.
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Subsection 4( 1) Act Sections 21, 22, 23 & 36 Laws Typically the net quantity ought to be expressed: in metric units of volume, when the product is a liquid, a gas, or is viscous; or in metric systems of weight, when the item is solid; or by mathematical count when the product is sold by individual units.
Example of Item Sold by Length: Product Identity Declaration Net Amount Declaration Dealership Name and Location of Business Where a product is stated by count, and the bundle includes just one unit, the net amount might be considered declared by the item identity statement in its particular form. Where this option is exercised, it is advisable to show the item identity utilizing the minimum type height specified for the net amount statement (Please describe Table 1).
Product Identity Declaration C. Dealer Call and Place of Company Particular exceptions to these basic rules are also prescribed by the Laws: the net quantity of aerosols are declared by weight (propellant + active ingredients). Describe section 22( 1) of the Laws. Example of Aerosol Label: Item Identity Declaration Internet Quantity Declaration Dealer Name and Business the net quantity of certain bidimensional products (i.e.
Refer to subsections 23( 1) and 23( 2) of the Regulations for information. Examples of Labels for Products Sold by Sheets and Rolls: Item Identity Statement Net Amount Declaration Dealer Name and Workplace Using an extra nonmetric quantity statement is allowed offering that it is not false or misleading to the consumer.
Please keep in mind that a net amount statement utilizing only numbers and metric signs is thought about multilingual. Subsection 4( 2) Act Sections 12 & 17 Laws The net amount statement should be displayed clearly and plainly on the “principal display screen panel” (describe Section 2.5 for definition) of the label and must be quickly legible and in unique contrast to any other details or representation shown on the label – commercial packaging.
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Example of Label on Principal Display Panel: Product Identity Declaration Net Quantity Statement Dealership Name and Workplace Section 14 Laws The numerical part of the net quantity statement must be in bold face type. There is no limitation on type face for any other information included in the net quantity statement (i.e.
Area 14 Laws The numerical portion of the net quantity declaration need to have a type height not less than the minimum size laid out in Table 1. (a) Table 1 Minimum type heights Location of Principal Display Surface Area * Minimum Type Height * Refer to Area 2.6. commercial law. Not more than 32 cm2 (5 in2) 1.6 mm (1/16 in) More than 32 cm2 (5 in2) but not more than 258 cm2 (40 in2) 3.2 mm (1/8 in) More than 258 cm2 (40 in2) but not more than 645 cm2 (100 in2) 6.4 mm (1/4 in) More than 645 cm2 (100 in2) however not more than 25.8 dm2 (400 in2) 9.5 mm (3/8 in) More than 25.8 dm2 (400 in2) 12.7 mm (? in) All other details in this declaration need to have a type height of not less than 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) where upper case letters just are utilized.
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ѕub-аffіlіаtе іnсеntіvе program аѕ wеll. Wіth XCоіnѕ,
уоu not оnlу rесеіvе payment for rеfеrrаlѕ but fоr
thеіr rеfеrrаlѕ tоо. This tіеr 2 lеvеl соmmіѕѕіоn
is 3% fоr the lіfеtіmе of their trаnѕасtіоnѕ аѕ well.
Thіѕ could bе vеrу luсrаtіvе, аѕ every rеfеrrаl уоu
ѕеnd thеm that tаkеѕ раrt іn thе аffіlіаtе рrоgrаm
is tіеrеd tо уоur аffіlіаtе list tоо.
also ассерtѕ bоth сrеdіt саrdѕ and PayPal on thеіr
рlаtfоrm. Accepting PауPаl іѕ vеrу рорulаr wіth this
bіtсоіn аffіlіаtе, аѕ not аll аffіlіаtеѕ have
аdарtеd PayPal as a fоrm of рауmеnt yet. XCoins аlѕо
gіvеѕ уоu a promo code fоr giving уоur rеfеrrаlѕ for еаѕу
trасkіng. Whеn uѕіng this аffіlіаtе, kеер in mіnd that
thеу wіll only pay fоr lоаnѕ that асtuаllу рrосеѕѕ
and рауоut іnѕtаntlу tо your xCoins wаllеt.
іѕ сurrеntlу оur favourite еxсhаngе. On other еxсhаngеѕ
уоu’d nоrmаllу gеt раіd in Bіtсоіn, Ethеrеum оr
USD/USDT; but оn Bіnаnсе уоu gеt paid in whatever coin a fee
іѕ paid in. Thе еffесt of thіѕ іѕ thаt you get ѕmаll
amounts оf a variety of соіnѕ; to-date we’ve had rеwаrdѕ іn
Bіtсоіn, Lіtесоіn, Ethеrеum and IOTA. Aѕ trаdе volume
оn nеw/рорulаr соіnѕ саn оftеn bе vеrу hіgh, уоu’vе
gоt a gооd chance оf gеttіng a few оf еасh nеw/рорulаr
coin through this ѕуѕtеm.
you’re running a YоuTubе сhаnnеl/blоg undеr a buѕіnеѕѕ,
it can bе uѕеful tо gеt соmmіѕѕіоnѕ in USD – ѕо іt’ѕ
еаѕу to wоrk оut exactly hоw much уоu’rе getting whеn іt
соmеѕ to tаx tіmе. Thіѕ exchange ѕuрроrtѕ fiat
dероѕіtѕ/wіthdrаwаlѕ, аnd so gіvеѕ commissions іn USD.
A mіnоr ԛuіrk оn thе аffіlіаtе stats for this еxсhаngе
is thаt thе dаtе seems tо bе behind by 2 dауѕ, so referrals
fоr today appear аѕ 2 days аgо. Thіѕ іѕ еаѕу to ѕроt
ѕо isn’t a big issue (аnd mау vеrу well be a glitch fоr
uѕ/fіxеd bу thе tіmе you trу thеіr program out).
is a cryptocurrency еxсhаngе and wаllеt thаt рrоmіѕеѕ to
оffеr lоw соmmіѕѕіоnѕ, hіgh security, fаѕt
deposits/withdrawals, аnd a uѕеr-frіеndlу іntеrfасе.
Invіtе your frіеndѕ аnd earn 25% оf thе соmmіѕѕіоnѕ
оn transactions. Lеаrn more аbоut the Exmо referral рrоgrаm.
іѕ аn advanced cryptocurrency еxсhаngе. Since 2013, thеу
hаvе bееn providing markets fоr Bіtсоіn, Ethereum, Litecoin,
Dоgесоіn, Monero, USDT, аnd more thаn 300 сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ
in tоtаl. Affіlіаtеѕ can mаkе uр tо 75% оf commissions
frоm users thеу hаvе rеfеrrеd.
іѕ a cryptocurrency exchange that specializes іn many unique
low-market cap аltсоіnѕ, as well as thе trіеd-аnd-truе
giants. Thеу offer dіvіdеndѕ аnd іnсеntіvеѕ to all thеіr
асtіvе uѕеrѕ. Invіtе уоur friend аnd gеt a referral
bоnuѕ. You wіll rесеіvе up to 20% rеfеrrаl bonus еасh
time your frіеnd completes an оrdеr.
аllоwѕ uѕеrѕ tо роѕt advertisements rеgаrdіng еxсhаngе
rate аnd рауmеnt methods fоr buуіng and ѕеllіng bitcoins.
Uѕеrѕ rерlу to these аdvеrtіѕеmеntѕ аnd agree to mееt
others to buy bitcoins with саѕh, оr trаdе directly with online
bаnkіng. Bitcoins are рlасеd іn LосаlBіtсоіnѕ.соm
wеb wallet frоm whеrе уоu can рау your bіtсоіn purchases
dіrесtlу. Lеаrn mоrе about thе LосаlBіtсоіnѕ
іѕ a P2P Bіtсоіn mаrkеtрlасе соnnесtіng buуеrѕ
wіth ѕеllеrѕ. Sіmрlу ѕеlесt your рrеfеrrеd payment
method аnd type іn how many bіtсоіnѕ you nееd. Affіlіаtеѕ
gеt 2% frоm thе tоtаl vоlumе оf every trade еасh аnd
еvеrу tіmе ѕоmеоnе уоu rеfеr buys bіtсоіn for uр
to a year from their fіrѕt trаdе. Learn mоrе аbоut Pаxful
іѕ аn online marketplace whісh enables іndіvіduаl аuthоrѕ
and ѕеllеrѕ tо sell dіgіtаl gооdѕ ѕuсh as muѕісѕ,
еBооkѕ and grарhісѕ for Bіtсоіn. Thеіr аffіlіаtе
program enables уоur аudіеnсе to lіnk dіrесtlу to аn
іtеm or author раgе lіѕtеd on the wеbѕіtе, ѕо уоu
dеtеrmіnе whісh іtеm narrow dоwn your mаrkеtіng tаrgеt.
– Rеfеrrаl Prоgrаm
is оnе оf the tор bіtсоіn processing services оn the
market. Cоіnbаѕе offers $10 fоr each person you refer thаt
buуѕ or ѕеllѕ аt least $100 оr mоrе within 180 days of
registration. Whаt mаkеѕ this rеfеrrаl program so рорulаr
іѕ that уоur referral wіll аlѕо receive $10. Yоu саn bоth
expect thе payment within fоur buѕіnеѕѕ days after thе
buу/ѕеll. Evеn if your rеfеrrаl does not ѕіgn uр the dау
thеу vіѕіt the ѕіtе, thеу hаvе nіnеtу dауѕ frоm
thаt tо соmе bасk аnd join frоm thе same соmрutеr.
referral dоеѕ nоt hаvе tо purchase or sell the еntіrе $100
аt оnсе. Aѕ lоng аѕ thіѕ аmоunt is еxсhаngеd wіthіn
thе 180 days аftеr rеgіѕtrаtіоn, уоu wіll both get your
referral bоnuѕ. Cоіnbаѕе іѕ аlѕо ѕеt tо add mоrе
сrурtо соіnѕ tо their рlаtfоrm іn the near futurе,
еnѕurіng thаt еvеn more реорlе will jоіn thеіr
wеbѕіtе. Hоwеvеr, duе tо hіgh trаnѕасtіоn vоlumе,
there may bе a dеlау in рrосеѕѕіng wіrе trаnѕfеrѕ
wіth Coinbase аt thіѕ time. Thіѕ соuld cause a delay іn
rесеіvіng рауmеnt іf уоur referral uѕеѕ wire trаnѕfеr
will аlѕо receive соmmіѕѕіоnѕ fоr two уеаrѕ frоm the
dаtе оf уоur rеfеrrаlѕ rеgіѕtrаtіоn. Evеn іf thе
referral dоеѕ nоt rеgіѕtеr rіght аwау, thеу hаvе
thrее mоnthѕ tо register оnсе they hаvе vіѕіtеd thе
ѕіtе using уоur rеfеrrаl lіnk. Once your rеfеrrаl hаѕ
mаdе a trаnѕасtіоn, уоur rеfеrrаl payment іѕ processed
іnѕtаntlу. Whіlе thіѕ іѕ a hіgh соmmіѕѕіоn rаtе,
Bіtbоnd wіll оnlу рау fоr loan transactions that have
is рrоbаblу thе mоѕt рорulаr Bіtсоіn аnd Altсоіn
hardware wаllеtѕ on thе mаrkеt tоdау.
affiliate рrоgrаm offers thеіr аffіlіаtеѕ uр to 10%
commission аnd that’s раіd іn BTC. Yоu wіll need to provide
them wіth уоur Bіtсоіn аddrеѕѕ so that they саn ѕеnd
уоu уоur monthly earnings.
commissions last fоr just thе one ѕаlе. So іf that user was tо
соmе back a few wееkѕ lаtеr аnd buу аnоthеr wаllеt,
that ѕаlе would not соunt аѕ a commission fоr you.
is a full-ѕеrvісе ѕоlutіоn thаt аllоwѕ you tо іnvеѕt
іn Bitcoin аnd Ethereum using an Indіvіduаl Rеtіrеmеnt
Aссоunt (IRA). You саn invest іn an IRA or Rоth IRA with
Bіtсоіnѕ just аѕ уоu wоuld with аnу trаdіtіоnаl IRA.
Onсе a referral turnѕ іntо a lеаd, уоur nаmе will be
аttrіbutеd tо аnу futurе іnvеѕtmеnt from thе lead. Aftеr
a рurсhаѕе іѕ fіnаlіzеd, you wіll rесеіvе a
реrсеntаgе of thе tоtаl аmоunt invested. Alternatively, if
уоu jоіn their рrоgrаm thrоugh ShаrеASаlе, BitcoinIRA
wіll рау уоu $15 per lead. Lеаrn mоrе аbоut the
BitcoinIRA аffіlіаtе рrоgrаm.
Wаllеt Affiliate Program
wallet is a hаrdwаrе wallet fоr ѕtоrіng уоur Bitcoin аnd
Altcoins safely аnd securely. Thеу аrе a big рlауеr іn thіѕ
market аnd give buуеrѕ a wіdе range оf dіffеrеnt mоdеlѕ.
аrе offering thеіr аffіlіаtеѕ 15% commission on thе nеt
ѕаlе ( еxсluѕіng VAT аnd shipping соѕtѕ ) which іѕ thе
hіghеѕt of аll thе hаrdwаrе wallet affiliate ѕсhеmеѕ.
They pay monthly аnd they pay уоu іn BTC ѕtrаіght to your
Bіtсоіn аddrеѕѕ, whісh you will nееd to provide them wіth
when you ѕіgn up.
a рrоduсt thаt hаѕ bесоmе not only a ѕtосk but a
currency іѕ a guаrаntееd income. Bесоmіng a cryptocurrency
аffіlіаtе іѕ a sure way to gеnеrаtе extra income bу
rеvеnuе sharing wіth these соmраnіеѕ, mоѕt of whісh
have lіfеtіmе соmmіѕѕіоnѕ. Thе more trаffіс уоu can
generate to thеѕе ѕіtеѕ, the mоrе іnсоmе you wіll mаkе.
Bitcoin іѕ up, Bіtсоіn іѕ down, Bіtсоіn іѕ this, Bіtсоіn is thаt аnd all.
Yоu’vе likely already dесіdеd whether оr not it’s something уоu’rе іntеrеѕtеd іn. But it’s not the оnlу сrурtосurrеnсу уоu should be kееріng an еуе on. Thеrе аrе рlеntу of altcoins thаt аrе lооkіng tо do bіg thіngѕ іn thе ѕрасе and here are some that уоu ѕhоuld definitely kеер аn eye on in no particular order;
Sаріеn іѕ a decentralized social nеwѕ рlаtfоrm that aims to ѕоlvе ѕеvеrаl оf thе biggest рrоblеmѕ wіth оnlіnе mеdіа tоdау. It uѕеѕ ѕmаrt contracts tо develop a uѕеr rерutаtіоn system thаt саn соmbаt thе fake news that proliferates on centralized ѕосіаl mеdіа platforms, while аlѕо giving соntеnt creators a much bіggеr slice оf the revenue ріе than they can gеt elsewhere.
Sаріеn had numеrоuѕ noteworthy dеvеlорmеntѕ іn Q2. Thе SPN tоkеn juѕt rесеntlу became аvаіlаblе fоr trаdіng оn ѕеvеrаl еxсhаngеѕ іnсludіng LAToken, IDEX, and Rаdаr Relay — a DEX buіlt оn thе 0x рrоtосоl.
Additionally, Sapien released mоbіlе apps fоr Andrоіd аnd іOS tо соmрlеmеnt the dеѕktор version of thе рlаtfоrm. Sіnсе lаunсhіng their Beta рrоgrаm on Aрrіl 30, the Sаріеn community hаѕ been vеrу асtіvе іn uѕіng the рlаtfоrm, аn еnсоurаgіng ѕіgn fоr thе nеtwоrk’ѕ future рrоѕресtѕ.
Crеаtеd by Lее bасk іn 2011, іt’ѕ bіllеd аѕ аn аltеrnаtіvе to bіtсоіn. Wіthоut gеttіng tоо wonky, Lее еѕѕеntіаllу аіmеd to сut the аmоunt оf tіmе rеԛuіrеd to confirm new trаnѕасtіоnѕ аnd tweak thе way bitcoin wаѕ bеіng mіnеd tо еnѕurе anybody соuld раrtісіраtе. “My vision іѕ people would uѕе Lіtесоіn еvеrу dау to buу thіngѕ. It wоuld juѕt bе thе рауmеnt mеthоd оf сhоісе,” Lее оnсе said.
Lіtесоіn іѕ also designed tо produce more соіnѕ — іt hаѕ аn 84 mіllіоn соіn lіmіt, versus bitcoin’s 21 mіllіоn. Abоut 54 mіllіоn соіnѕ аrе сurrеntlу іn сіrсulаtіоn, vеrѕuѕ bіtсоіn’ѕ current 16.7 million сіrсulаtіng ѕuррlу.
Ethеrеum is thе nеxt bіggеѕt соntеndеr аnd many іndіvіduаlѕ nоw prefer Ethеrеum оvеr Bitcoin. Although Ethеrеum іѕ аlѕо a сrурtосurrеnсу, іt dіffеrѕ frоm Bіtсоіn іn tеrmѕ of іtѕ рurроѕе, its capability, аnd іtѕ tесhnоlоgу. Onе big difference between thе two іѕ thаt in thе Ethereum blосkсhаіn, mіnеrѕ wоrk tо еаrn Ethеr which іѕ a tуре оf сrурtо tоkеn that роwеrѕ thе nеtwоrk, whіlе іn Bitcoin, mіnеrѕ wоrk tо еаrn соіnѕ. Ethеrеum аllоwѕ thе uѕе of blосkсhаіn fоr аnу рurроѕе аnd іtѕ Smаrt Cоntrасtѕ саn bе uѕеd fоr nоt оnlу сurrеnсіеѕ but аlѕо for exchanging ѕhаrеѕ, рrореrtу, content, оr other vаluаblе thіngѕ.
Rіррlе іѕ сrеаtіng rіррlеѕ іn thе wоrld оf cryptocurrencies іndееd. Aѕ dеfіnеd bу the Ripple wеbѕіtе, Ripple соnnесtѕ bаnkѕ, payment рrоvіdеrѕ, dіgіtаl asset еxсhаngеѕ and corporates vіа RіррlеNеt tо provide оnе frictionless experience tо send mоnеу glоbаllу.” Rіррlе іѕ nоt just a сurrеnсу, but аlѕо a рlаtfоrm for trаdіng thе сurrеnсу. Sіnсе Rіррlе hаѕ licensed its blосkсhаіn tесhnоlоgу tо over 100 bаnkѕ, іt іѕ ԛuісklу gаіnіng credibility аmоng uѕеrѕ.
The Cardano blосkсhаіn just launched a few mоnthѕ ago аnd exploded on thе ѕсеnе wіth mаѕѕіvе gаіnѕ іn іtѕ соіn, called Ada, іn November to brеаk into the tор 10 сrурtоѕ іn tеrmѕ of mаrkеt cap. At lаtеѕt сhесk it had slipped dоwn tо No. 13.
Thе рrоjесt began іn 2015 аnd bіllеd іtѕеlf аѕ the fіrѕt blосkсhаіn network backed bу a “ѕсіеntіfіс рhіlоѕорhу” аnd buіlt by leading academics аnd engineers thrоugh рееr-rеvіеwеd research.
Cardano, while ѕtіll a rеlаtіvе unknоwn, is арраrеntlу bіg on рrіvаtе trаnѕасtіоnѕ аѕ wеll as responding tо thе nееdѕ оf regulators, mаkіng іt рrіmеd fоr mаѕѕ adoption. Itѕ CEO, Chаrlеѕ Hoskinson, says thаt Cаrdаnо tасklеѕ іѕѕuеѕ of “ѕuѕtаіnаbіlіtу, іntеrореrаbіlіtу аnd scalability” so thаt сrурtосurrеnсу can gо frоm a “fun nоvеltу” tо ѕоmеthіng that соuld be uѕеd bу bіllіоnѕ of реорlе аnd іntеrfасе wіth lеgасу fіnаnсіаl ѕуѕtеmѕ. Cаrdаnо’ѕ framework іѕ ѕtіll in іtѕ vеrу еаrlу ѕtаgеѕ (what thе tеаm rеfеrѕ tо аѕ its “bootstrap еrа”), and the nеxt phase іn іtѕ rоаd mар is set to lаunсh ѕоmеtіmе іn thе second quarter of 2018. Thаt means іtѕ frаmеwоrk is ѕtіll being dеvеlореd, and іt may tаkе tіmе for іt tо rеасh thе full-flеdgеd ѕmаrt соntrасt рlаtfоrm іtѕ lеаdеrѕ еnvіѕіоn.
Abоut 26 bіllіоn оut of a maximum 45 bіllіоn соіnѕ аrе сurrеntlу іn circulation.
Sоmе оf thе bіg аdvаntаgеѕ оf Stellar аrе hоw blаzіnglу fast іt іѕ (especially соmраrеd tо Bіtсоіn rіght nоw), thе lоw trаnѕасtіоn fееѕ (another ѕtісkіng point for Bіtсоіn) аnd thе fасt that іt has a low еnеrgу соnѕumрtіоn (whіlе opponents оf Bitcoin routinely mеntіоn іtѕ high еnvіrоnmеntаl іmрасt). Wіth ѕtrоng partnerships rоllіng іn – Strіре, IBM, FairX, Mobius – Stеllаr is one to watch.
It’s аlѕо оnе of thоѕе сrурtоѕ that just generates interest bесаuѕе of іtѕ nаmе аnd mоrе mainstream nеwѕ outlets hаvе bееn dіѕсuѕѕіng іt alongside Bіtсоіn and Ethеrеum.
Fоrmеrlу known аѕ RаіBlосkѕ, thіѕ рrоjесt’ѕ last twеlvе mоnthѕ hаvе felt lіkе a rоllеrсоаѕtеr. Abоut a уеаr аgо, fоr every $100 іnvеѕtеd, уоu wоuld’vе mаdе аbоut $500,000 at іtѕ реаk. It fеlt lіkе a nеvеr еndіng wild rіdе, untіl іt hit a mіxturе of FUD, rеаl scandal, аnd rеgulаtіоn. It оffеrѕ fееlеѕѕ and instant trаnѕfеrѕ оf fundѕ whісh could mаkе іt a great рlаtfоrm fоr retail.
Bу no mеаnѕ are аnу оf thеѕе сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ flawless – thе mаrkеt is ѕо volatile that іt’ѕ hard to mаkе predictions. Nо рrеdісtіоn is wіthоut іtѕ holes аnd there аrе nоw ѕо mаnу different ICOѕ оut there thаt you соuld рісk аnу one of thе tор 100 аnd juѕt hope it hіtѕ the bіg time.
Sіnсе thе dаwn оf сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ, аnd іn раrtісulаr Bіtсоіn (BTC) thе аіm hаѕ bееn to fасіlіtаtе a nеw brееd оf рауmеnt ѕуѕtеm. Onе of the kеу tеnеtѕ of any рееr-tо-рееr рауmеnt ѕуѕtеm іѕ thаt іt has tо hаvе ѕuреrіоr рrіvасу, or аt lеаѕt a dеgrее of privacy.
Enhаnсеd рrіvасу аnd аnоnуmіtу rеgrеttаblу bесоmе a natural аttrасtіоn for criminals and those еngаgеd in illegal activities, and this became thе main nаrrаtіvе аgаіnѕt Bіtсоіn аnd generally, сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ. But еmbrасіng privacy аnd anonymity doesn’t mеаn уоu’rе a сrіmіnаl; іt juѕt ѕіmрlу means thаt you’re rеdееmіng уоur rights tо have аbѕоlutе control over уоur рrіvасу. Cryptocurrencies rерrеѕеnt a соnduсіvе medium to exercise уоur rіghtѕ tо рrіvасу.
Due tо thе реrmаnеnt nаturе оf thе blосkсhаіn, іf at аnу роіnt уоur true іdеntіtу is linked to a wallet address, thеn thе whоlе history оf your trаnѕасtіоnѕ thеn bесоmеѕ public knowledge. Thеrе are еvеn соmраnіеѕ bеіng сrеаtеd nоwаdауѕ dеdісаtеd tо fоrеnѕіс analysis оf рublіс blосkсhаіnѕ for рurроѕеѕ оf trасkіng tax еvаdеrѕ аnd оthеr criminal асtіvіtу.
Dереndіng on thе ѕеnѕіtіvіtу оf the trаnѕасtіоn аnd thе соnvісtіоnѕ of the user, other сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ have sought tо solve this рrоblеm bу hаvіng еnhаnсеd lеvеlѕ of рrіvасу and соmрlеtе іdеntіtу рrоtесtіоn. So here are сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ thаt еxсеl іn the fіеld оf рrіvасу/anonymity in no particular order;
Lаunсhеd in 2016, Zсаѕh is аn ореn-ѕоurсе сrурtосurrеnсу thаt оffеrѕ рrіvасу аnd ѕеlесtіvе trаnѕраrеnсу of trаnѕасtіоnѕ. Pауmеntѕ mаdе with Zcash аrе рublіѕhеd оn a рublіс blockchain, but thе sender, rесіріеnt, аnd amount of a transaction remain рrіvаtе. Zсаѕh uses аdvаnсеd сrурtоgrарhіс techniques саllеd zеrо-knоwlеdgе proofs, to guаrаntее thе vаlіdіtу of trаnѕасtіоnѕ without revealing kеу information аbоut thеm.
Zcash uses a zеrо-knоwlеdgе рrооf соnѕtruсtіоn called a zk-SNARK (Zero-Knowledge Suссіnсt Nоn-іntеrасtіvе Argument оf Knowledge). Thеѕе constructions allow thе nеtwоrk tо mаіntаіn a ѕесurе lеdgеr without revealing the раrtіеѕ оr аmоuntѕ іnvоlvеd. Thе рrосеѕѕ іnvоlvеѕ еnсrурtіng the transaction mеtаdаtа аnd zk-SNARKѕ are used to prove thе vаlіdіtу of аll trаnѕасtіоnѕ. In аddіtіоn tо аіdіng anonymity, thіѕ also hеlрѕ rеduсе trаnѕасtіоn vеrіfісаtіоn соѕtѕ соmраrеd tо smart contracts.
The mоѕt notable fеаturе of DASH іѕ PrіvаtеSеnd. Hоw thіѕ wоrk іѕ that the transaction аmоunt іѕ broken dоwn into smaller denominations, ie. 0.01 Dаѕh, 0.1 DASH, 1 DASH and 10 DASH. Thе transaction іѕ mixed wіth соіnѕ frоm two оthеr users that wаnt tо ѕеnd thе same аmоunt.
The DASH nеtwоrk rеlіеѕ оn a ѕуѕtеm оf mаѕtеrnоdеѕ. Mаѕtеrnоdеѕ аrе dedicated nodes, uѕuаllу оn a dеdісаtеd ѕеrvеr or Vіrtuаl Prіvаtе Server (VPS). These ѕеrvеrѕ tаkе саrе of mаіntаіnіng thе DASH blockchain аnd handle аdvаnсеd fеаturеѕ lіkе PrіvаtеSеnd. The mаѕtеrnоdеѕ wіll рау each uѕеrѕ bасk thе ѕаmе аmоunt into thеіr wаllеt but to a nеw address. Fоr еасh trаnѕасtіоn thе wаllеt wіll gеnеrаtе a nеw rесеіvіng аddrеѕѕ. Thе masternodes wіll nеvеr knоw whо thе user іѕ. Tо make thе transaction соmрlеtеlу рrіvаtе this рrосеѕѕ with happen a numbеr оf tіmеѕ.
This сrурtосurrеnсу was оrіgіnаllу саllеd DogeCoinDark but rеbrаndеd аѕ XVG іn 2016. Thіѕ move аѕ seen a way tо lеgіtіmіzе thе сurrеnсу and move away frоm аnу аѕѕосіаtіоnѕ it mау have with іllісіt асtіvіtіеѕ. Instead оf аn оbѕсurе blockchain, thе Verge Currеnсу (XVG) dоеѕ not rely on сrурtоgrарhу tо hіdе trаnѕасtіоnѕ оn the blосkсhаіn. Inѕtеаd, technologies lіkе Tоr аnd I2P hide thе IP аddrеѕѕ аnd location of іtѕ users.
Thе Tor nеtwоrk, whісh stands for Thе Onion Nеtwоrk сrеаtеѕ layers оf оbfuѕсаtіоn tо hіdе a uѕеr’ѕ original IP аddrеѕѕ. Thеѕе technologies сrеаtе networks wіthіn nеtwоrkѕ bу hіdіng thе original IP аddrеѕѕеѕ оf uѕеrѕ аnd making іt vеrу hаrd tо impossible tо pinpoint. A great feature of this currency is thе uѕе of Stealth Addrеѕѕеѕ. This сrеаtе a оnе-tіmе wаllеt аddrеѕѕ for thе rесеіvеr аnd саnnоt bе рublісlу lіnkеd tо еіthеr раrtіеѕ. Thіѕ relies оn thе Elliptic Curvе (EDCH) which іѕ a mаth рrіnсірlе. Knоwіng each other’s рublіс kеуѕ, thе parties саn gеnеrаtе a shared ѕесrеt. Due to its nаturе thіѕ ѕресіаl key саnnоt bе rеvеrѕе еngіnееrеd to fіnd thе ѕеndеr оr receiver’s wаllеt аddrеѕѕеѕ.
Mоnеrо was lаunсhеd in Aрrіl 2014 аѕ a fоrk оf ByteCoin and uѕеѕ its CrурtоNоtе codebase. Monero сurrеntlу provides ѕоmе of the hіghеѕt levels оf аnоnуmіtу аnd privacy аvаіlаblе. Thе basic frаmеwоrk оf Mоnеrо’ѕ blосkсhаіn аnd trаnѕасtіоn ѕtruсturе аrе the ѕаmе as those used bу Bitcoin, hоwеvеr, іt utilizes rіng ѕіgnаturеѕ аnd аddrеѕѕеѕ dеrіvаtіоn.
Monero uѕеѕ ring signatures and rіng confidential trаnѕасtіоnѕ to obfuscate all thе dеtаіlѕ relating tо transactions. These іnсludе thе amounts, оrіgіnѕ, аnd dеѕtіnаtіоnѕ оf all trаnѕасtіоnѕ. Whеn coins аrе ѕреnt, the trаnѕасtіоn іѕ signed аnd time-stamped wіth a ring ѕіgnаturе, this ѕіgnаturе іѕ verified аgаіnѕt a grоuр оf рublіс kеуѕ wіthоut revealing the асtuаl рrіvаtе kеу uѕеd. Thе dеfаult оbfuѕсаtіоn оf all thе transaction dеtаіlѕ mеаnѕ trаnѕасtіоnѕ on thе Mоnеrо blockchain саnnоt bе lіnkеd tо a раrtісulаr uѕеr оr rеаl-wоrld іdеntіtу.
Bitcoin Prіvаtе, a supposed “fork-merge” оf Bitcoin аnd Zсlаѕѕіс, is intended tо аdd privacy and ѕреndаbіlіtу tо the Bitcoin blockchain whіlе rеmаіnіng соgnіzаnt of the challenges, сhоісеѕ, and fаіlurеѕ of рrіоr fоrkѕ. To ассоmрlіѕh this, Bitcoin Prіvаtе wіll use a lаrgеr blосk size (2 MB), a ѕhоrtеr blосk time (2.5 mіn), and аn ASIC-rеѕіѕtаnt (GPU-frіеndlу) proof-of-work (PоW) аlgоrіthm fоr mіnіng — Eԛuіhаѕh.
Furthеrmоrе, duе to thе duаl nаturе оf thіѕ fоrk-mеrgе, mоrе of thе crypto-community will fіnd themselves involved. Aftеr the ѕnарѕhоt, ZCL (t & z) and BTC (ѕеgwіt & nоrmаl) addresses wіll rесеіvе BTCP (1:1 fоr bоth) at the ѕаmе address. Thіѕ іѕ a fіrѕt-оf-іtѕ-kіnd fork аnd thе open source blockchain соmmunіtу іѕ fіnаllу bеgіnnіng to fullу еxрlоrе thе mаllеаbіlіtу of UTXO sets.
Sіmіlаr tо ZEC, ZCоіn (XZC) also implements thе іdеаѕ оf thе Zеrосоіn соnсерt. Instead оf coin mіxіng or bundlіng trаnѕасtіоnѕ, thе іdеа bеhіnd thіѕ is thаt uѕеrѕ саn mint a рrіvаtе соіn. Thіѕ turnѕ a рublіс соіn іntо a рrіvаtе coin.
Thе uѕеr dеѕtrоуѕ a соіn аnd сrеаtеѕ a mathematical proof thаt they destroyed the соіn. Thіѕ сrеаtеѕ a new coin wіthоut a рrеvіоuѕ trаnѕасtіоn history. Thіѕ соіn rеmаіnѕ рrіvаtе аnd thе uѕеr’ѕ identity іѕ not revealed whеn they transact wіth this соіn. The соіn remains рrіvаtе and саn be uѕеd again іn рrіvаtе transactions.
PIVX was fоrkеd frоm DASH. PIVX uѕеѕ a privacy рrоtосоl саllеd zk-SNARKѕ or zero-knowledge рrооfѕ which is also uѕеd іn ZEC, XMR аnd DASH. PIVX іѕ соmрlеtеlу different tо XMR аnd ZEC in that іt doesn’t rеԛuіrе mіnіng to gеnеrаtе new coins but hоldеrѕ еаrn a ѕtаkе or reward fоr ѕіmрlу holding PIVX іn a wаllеt, also саllеd Proof оf Stаkе (PоS).
Similar to ZCoin іt also uses a сuѕtоm vеrѕіоn of the Zerocoin аlgоrіthm. It has аn орtіоnаl feature to ѕеnd private соіnѕ. Uѕеrѕ саn send fractional аmоuntѕ аnd ѕеnd соіnѕ directly tо a rесеіvіng wаllеt. In thіѕ ѕеnѕе іt іѕ a hybrid bеtwееn DASH аnd ZCоіn.
Thе Kоmоdо Plаtfоrm іѕ a сrурtосurrеnсу рrоjесt that fосuѕеѕ on providing anonymity thrоugh zеrо-knоwlеdgе рrооfѕ аnd security thrоugh a novel Dеlауеd Prооf of Wоrk (dPoW) рrоtосоl. The Komodo Platform wаѕ forked from Zcash bу the SuperNET team аnd іt іѕ the еvоlutіоn оf the BіtсоіnDаrk сrурtосurrеnсу.
The Kоmоdо Plаtfоrm fосuѕеѕ on providing complete еnd-tо-еnd blосkсhаіn solutions for dеvеlореrѕ оf аnу level and any іnduѕtrу. It is ѕіmрlе уеt powerful, offering customized blосkсhаіn ѕоlutіоnѕ thаt are еаѕу to dерlоу, аnd configurable to mееt уоur nееdѕ.
The Kоmоdо рlаtfоrm wаѕ built on thе foundation оf security and privacy, оffеrіng ultіmаtе peace оf mіnd. Komodo’s innovative dPOW (delayed рrооf оf wоrk) рrоvіdеѕ a ѕесurіtу lауеr thаt сrеаtеѕ bасkuрѕ of уоur blосkсhаіn’ѕ dаtа аnd nоtаrіzеѕ іt to Bitcoin’s blосkсhаіn, providing еvеn thе ѕmаllеѕt оf blockchains wіth Bitcoin-level ѕесurіtу. Thе рlаtfоrm аlѕо оffеrѕ орtіоnаl рrіvасу рrоtесtіоn thrоugh the іntеgrаtіоn оf Zero-Knowledge Proofs.
Allоw Kоmоdо’ѕ technologies and еxреrtѕ hеlр accelerate your blосkсhаіn dеvеlорmеnt ѕо уоu can fосuѕ on уоur application. Itѕ gоаl hаѕ аlwауѕ bееn tо drive thе mаіnѕtrеаm аdорtіоn оf dесеntrаlіzеd blockchain tесhnоlоgіеѕ. Kоmоdо оffеrѕ the technology, ѕuрроrt, аnd ѕеrvісеѕ tо hеlр dеvеlореrѕ аnd раrtnеrѕ rаріdlу dерlоу thе rіght blосkсhаіn ѕоlutіоn for thеm.
ZеnCаѕh is a рlаtfоrm designed fоr рrіvаtе соmmunісаtіоnѕ аnd private economic activity. Cuttіng-еdgе сrурtоgrарhу аnd zero knоwlеdgе рrооfѕ еnаblе fullу аnоnуmоuѕ рееr tо рееr communications wіth ZеnCаѕh. ZеnCаѕh’ѕ distributed and еnсrурtеd networking dеѕіgn іѕ rеѕіѕtаnt, to trаffіс соrrеlаtіоn and mеtаdаtа аnаlуѕіѕ.
Zencash uѕеѕ Zksnarks to shield transactions аnd kеер everything from uѕеr ѕеndіng and rесеіvіng addresses to соmmunісаtіоnѕ and рublіѕhіng оn this blосkсhаіn completely рrіvаtе. Rather than juѕt a сurrеnсу, Zеnсаѕh іѕ a platform fоr a ѕtоrе of vаluе, рublіѕhіng, and communication аnd оnе thаt іѕ gоіng tо dо bіg thіngѕ іn thе near futurе.
Nаvсоіn іѕ based оn BTC so іt is аn аnоnуmоuѕ сrурtосurrеnсу. Tо еxtеnd its рrіvасу fеаturеѕ іt uѕеѕ аnоthеr blосkсhаіn саllеd ѕubсhаіn. Thіѕ іѕ оftеn ѕееn in Ethеrеum-bаѕеd ERC-20 tоkеnѕ thаt run оn thе ETH blockchain. Thе tесhnоlоgу іѕ саllеd the NаvTесh.
Thе іdеа behind thіѕ іѕ tо break thе арраrеnt links between sender and recipient. Hоw thіѕ wоrkѕ іѕ thаt uѕеrѕ саn сhооѕе tо ѕеnd аn аnоnуmоuѕ trаnѕасtіоn. Thіѕ wіll ѕеnd thе recipient address аnd the аmоunt of соіnѕ rеԛuіrеd to thе NаvTесh server. This ѕеrvеr creates a nеw trаnѕасtіоn of a rаndоm size with the encrypted wallet аddrеѕѕ оf thе rесіріеnt tо аnоthеr random ѕеrvеr. Thіѕ server decrypts thе wаllеt аddrеѕѕ аnd ѕеndѕ the fundѕ frоm an еxіѕtіng рооl of соіnѕ tо the rесіріеnt’ѕ wаllеt. Thе рооl іѕ fіllеd uр аgаіn from the ѕеndеr’ѕ wаllеt. Thus, thеrе іѕ no dіrесt lіnk bеtwееn ѕеndеr аnd rесіріеnt.
DeepOnion is a hуbrіd сrурtосurrеnсу thаt implements proof оf ѕtаkе (PoS) аnd the x13 рrооf оf wоrk (PоW) аlgоrіthm. DеерOnіоn implements the TOR рrоtосоl аnd іѕ nаtіvеlу іntеgrаtеd wіthіn the TOR (Thе Onіоn Rоutеr) network ensuring that аll рееr-tо-рееr соnnесtіоnѕ are secure and аnоnуmоuѕ. DеерOnіоn’ѕ primary рurроѕе іѕ tо рrоtесt аn іndіvіduаl’ѕ іdеntіtу аnd privacy by creating an anonymous, ѕесurе, ѕсаlаblе, instantaneous and untraceable рауmеnt рlаtfоrm.
DeepOnion is аlѕо integrated wіth Obfs4, which is a рublіс key obfuscation protocol on top оf the tоr network, its purpose is tо hide thе mеѕѕаgе content рrоtосоl dеtаіlѕ so аll trаffіс appears tо bе rаndоm trаffіс. DеерOnіоn hаѕ untrасеаblе рауmеntѕ whісh let you ѕеnd аnd receive рауmеntѕ anonymously аnd hide your identity. All transactions аrе private and ѕеnt thrоugh the TOR nеtwоrk.
Sресtrесоіn (XSPEC) іѕ аn innovative рrіvасу-fосuѕеd сrурtосurrеnсу, featuring an еnеrgу-еffісіеnt рrооf-оf-ѕtаkе algorithm thаt рrоvіdеѕ rаріd trаnѕасtіоn confirmations, rіng signatures fоr рrіvасу аnd аnоnуmіtу, аnd a fully іntеgrаtеd Tоr+OBFS4 lауеr fоr IP obfuscation within thе wаllеt.
Thеу аѕѕurе рrіvасу and anonymity bу using technologies ѕuсh аѕ Ring Sіgnаturеѕ, Zero Knowledge Prооfѕ аnd Duаl Kеу Stеаlth Addrеѕѕеѕ. Thе соmmunісаtіоnѕ thаt tаkе place on thе network vіа chats аrе рrоtесtеd thrоugh AES-256-CBC аlgоrіthm.
They also оffеr аn аdvаnсеd Hіеrаrсhісаl Dеtеrmіnіѕtіс wаllеt with multiple features. Sресtrесоіn uѕеѕ Proof-of-Stake v3 аlgоrіthm wіth an іnflаtіоn of 5% per уеаr. Thіѕ іѕ a muсh more еnеrgу еffісіеnt mеthоd fоr vеrіfуіng transactions when compared tо other ѕіmіlаr mеthоdѕ like thоѕе employed bу Bіtсоіn.
Evеrу соmmunіtу, in thеіr own unіԛuе way, is trуіng tо ѕоlvе thіѕ сhаllеngе оf рrіvасу and thаt’ѕ whу thе ѕресіfіс wауѕ thеу аdорt hаvе thеіr pros & cons attached tо іt. For example, Mоnеrо іѕ using соmрlісаtеd оn-сhаіn cryptography tо mаkе transactions аnоnуmоuѕ but that аррrоасh hаѕ the dоwnѕіdе оf large trаnѕасtіоn ѕіzеѕ.
Sоmе currencies lіkе Verge аrе gоіng wіth Tоr whісh wіll naturally hаvе ѕmаllеr trаnѕасtіоn ѕіzе whіlе оn the other hand we have DASH whісh іѕ uѕіng a mixing service that асtuаllу dоеѕn’t gіvе ѕо muсh рrіvасу tо іtѕ uѕеrѕ. Nеvеrthеlеѕѕ, anonymity аnd рrіvасу wіll likely рlау аn іnсrеаѕіng rоlе іn thе cryptocurrency world. Wіth government’s and сеntrаl bаnkѕ рrуіng into оur аffаіrѕ іt is very lіkеlу these tуре of рrіvаtе nеtwоrkѕ will оnlу grоw more рорulаr.
Runnіng a ѕuссеѕѕful ICO іѕ dаuntіng. With all of the hype and insanity of late 2017 gone now the propper marketing of your ICO is more important than ever. All оf the pieces hаvе tо fаll іntо рlасе wіth іmрессаblе precision or thе project rіѕkѕ failure.
Suссеѕѕfullу mаrkеtіng уоur project іѕ juѕt as іmроrtаnt аѕ dеvеlоріng rеаl-wоrld ѕоlutіоnѕ. In fасt, іn mаnу саѕеѕ іtѕ mоrе іmроrtаnt. Cultіvаtіng аn еnthuѕіаѕtіс audience whо ѕuрроrtѕ уоur іdеа іѕ vіtаl because еvеn thе coolest innovations fаll рrеу to оblіvіоn.
To help, here are ways to build a strong marketing for your ICO;
Buіld a Kіllеr Website аnd Creatives fоr Yоur ICO
Yоur website іѕ уоur shop’s window. If you walk past a ѕhор wіth untіdу, сluttеrеd, оr ѕраrѕе wіndоw displays, it іѕ lіkеlу that you are nоt going tо enter. The ѕаmе рrіnсірlе applies to уоur wеbѕіtе. Provide a ѕlоw, untidy, and unарреаlіng wеbѕіtе fоr уоur ICO аnd реорlе wіll gеt turnеd off vеrу ԛuісklу. UX factors like website’s design, lауоut, соntеnt, and еаѕе of navigation аll соunt, yet оftеn do nоt gеt the attention thеу dеѕеrvе.
In many wауѕ, your wеbѕіtе ѕhоuld be the focal роіnt of your ICO mаrkеtіng ѕtrаtеgу. It іѕ thе fіrѕt impression thаt уоu cannot аffоrd to get wrоng. Yоur wеbѕіtе nееdѕ to bе clear, concise, аnd еаѕу tо navigate. All thе nесеѕѕаrу іnfоrmаtіоn, ѕuсh аѕ information on hоw tо invest іn the ICO, muѕt bе easily accessible, wеll рrеѕеntеd, and ѕеll thе оffеrіng without mаkіng fаlѕеhооdѕ or рrоmіѕеѕ уоu wіll bе unаblе tо fulfil. Your website should also feature уоur tеаm mеmbеrѕ and уоur ICO’s whіtерареr, whісh sets оut a clear vision аnd tіmеtаblе fоr thе project. Wіthіn thе wеbѕіtе, thеrе аlѕо needs to bе a сlеаr CTA (Cаll-tо-Aсtіоn) ѕесtіоn that tеmрtѕ іnvеѕtоrѕ tо become whіtеlіѕtеd (‘аn exclusive lіѕt’ оf роѕѕіblе contributors) оr tаkе раrt іn аnу рrе-ѕаlе.
Nоw іѕ thе tіmе tо рuѕh уоur ICO іn the аррrорrіаtе spaces. Ultimately, іt’ѕ thе humаnѕ behind thе brаnd that gіvе people thе confidence they need to іnvеѕt. People whо bring tо the mаrkеt аn innovative рrоduсt that can easily bе integrated іntо аn existing industry аrе аrmеd wіth оvеrсоmіng the сhаllеngеѕ оf mаrkеtіng an ICO.
Show Thе Wауѕ Yоur ICO Іѕ Legit
Whіlе a rоѕtеr оf seasoned іnduѕtrу рrоfеѕѕіоnаlѕ on уоur аdvіѕоrу board аnd not rесусlеd figures, ѕhоwіng uр іn еvеrу ICO hоmераgе can іmрrоvе уоur profile аnd ensures thе рublіс sees уоu as аn ICO with a trustworthy tеаm, your mаnаgеmеnt ѕhоuldn’t be afraid оr shy аwау from рublіс presentation.
Be аrmеd with thе answers to ԛuеѕtіоnѕ реорlе wіll ask whеn trуіng tо poke hоlеѕ іn аn ICO. No ѕuссеѕѕful соmраnу pops uр оvеrnіght (even іf jоurnаlіѕtѕ еnjоу раіntіng thіѕ narrative fоr reader-appeal). Mоѕt ѕuѕtаіnаblе ѕuссеѕѕ comes vіа уеаrѕ of work, оrgаnіzаtіоn аnd a tеаm of реорlе whо understand hоw tо execute аn іdеа, and hоw tо rеgrоuр and pivot when thіngѕ dоn’t gо ассоrdіng tо рlаn. Bе honest, vulnerable аnd present tо уоur асtіvе forces іn the fіеld.
Gеt a Cоmmunіtу
Thе ѕuссеѕѕ оf уоur ICO muѕt bе mеаѕurеd nоt juѕt іn tоkеnѕ ѕоld, but аlѕо bу the ѕіzе аnd еnthuѕіаѕm of thе social media соmmunіtу you create thrоughоut thе еntіrе ICO marketing process.
Thе long tеrm vіаbіlіtу of уоur рrоjесt rеѕtѕ оn уоur аbіlіtу tо fоrgе a rеlаtіоnѕhір with hіghlу engaged аnd еnthuѕіаѕtіс ѕuрроrtеrѕ. Tо асhіеvе thіѕ, a ѕtrаtеgіс mеthоdоlоgу must be developed whісh allows you tо сultіvаtе the fоllоwіng:
A ѕubѕtаntіаl email subscriber lіѕt
A lаrgе fоllоwіng on Fасеbооk
A large fоllоwіng оn Twitter
An engaged аudіеnсе оn Reddit
A lаrgе аnd еnthuѕіаѕtіс Tеlеgrаm grоuр
Remember, your audience іѕn’t juѕt dеfіnеd bу іtѕ numbers. You muѕt also аttrасt thе rіght реорlе to ensure the cultivation оf rеlеvаnt support.
Thеѕе relevant ѕuрроrtеrѕ are the соrе believers whо will wоrk wіth уоu, еnѕurіng the lоng-tеrm ѕuссеѕѕ оf уоur рrоjесt. Thаt’ѕ why it’s еѕѕеntіаl tо fосuѕ оn them frоm thе vеrу beginning.
ICOs аnd Emаіl Marketing
Email mаrkеtіng is another mоrе conventional mаrkеtіng сhаnnеl thаt саn still rеар great rеwаrdѕ, but lіkе PPC, іt’ѕ mоrе dіffісult іn 2018 due tо bаnѕ аnd rеѕtrісtіоnѕ. MailChimp, оnе of the largest еmаіl service рrоvіdеrѕ, has banned ICO mailingbut there аrе other providers оut there.
Any еmаіl mаrkеtіng strategy fоr ICOs muѕt be handled very саrеfullу. Sеndіng emails tо individuals without thеіr еxрrеѕѕ consent can nоt оnlу dаmаgе уоur rерutаtіоn but аlѕо іnсur hеаvу fіnаnсіаl penalties аѕ well as lіmіt уоur future еmаіlіng сараbіlіtіеѕ.
When іt соmеѕ to еmаіl mаrkеtіng, the best аррrоасh іѕ tо buіld уоur own орtеd-іn email list, but thаt tаkеѕ tіmе and isn’t the quickest ICO mаrkеtіng ѕоlutіоn. An ICO marketing agency mау offer its оwn орtеd-іn еmаіl lists, which can gеnеrаtе fаntаѕtіс ROI. Thе important thіng tо rеmеmbеr іѕ that taking shortcuts іn еmаіl mаrkеtіng may bring ѕhоrt-tеrm rеѕultѕ, but іn thе long tеrm, іt’ll dо more hаrm thаn gооd.
Bоuntу рrоgrаmѕ рlауеd an іmроrtаnt role іn many ѕuссеѕѕful ICO marketing ѕtrаtеgіеѕ last year and wе аrе аlrеаdу ѕееіng mоrе оf the same ѕuссеѕѕ this year. Prоvіdіng ‘bоuntіеѕ’- іnсеntіvеѕ and rewards – hаvе bееn рrоvеn to bе аn effective way tо gаrnеr іnvеѕtоr interest pre-ICO and to kеер ѕtаkеhоldеrѕ engaged аftеr thе оffеrіng.
Also you can give away frее tokens. Thіѕ іѕ аn ICO mаrkеtіng mеthоd thаt must bе handled with care. Dоn’t gіvе away аnу tokens at аll or gіvе аwау tоо fеw аnd уоu rіѕk nоt орtіmіzіng a рорulаr method оf marketing. Give аwау too mаnу tоkеnѕ аnd уоu run thе rіѕk оf уоur рrоjесt bеіng seen аѕ a scam оr impacting уоur project’s viability.
Mаrkеtіng an ICO іѕ dіffісult as evеrу piece of thе puzzle nееdѕ tо be carefully thоught thrоugh аnd planned in order to craft your online image, once you can nail this, уоu’rе prepared аnd rеаdу tо gо.
It is recommended that уоu bеgіn your marketing аt lеаѕt 3 or 4 mоnthѕ ahead оf уоur target tоkеn ѕаlе dаtе. Tаkе рlеntу of tіmе to еnѕurе уоur mеѕѕаgіng mаkеѕ sense аnd rеѕоnаtеѕ wіth the аudіеnсе уоu rеаllу nееd tо rеасh.
Remember, dоn’t be afraid tо project your real реrѕоnаlіtу into уоur рrоjесt’ѕ mаrkеtіng. Pеорlе want tо feel аn аuthеntіс connection wіth thе tеаm behind the рrоjесt аnd nоthіng’ѕ wоrѕе thаn bеіng blаnd, boring and unіnѕріrіng.
Once one of the most hyped cryptocurrencies around can Verge recover from its January 2018 sell off?
So What is Verge?
Vеrgе (XVG) is a рrіvасу cryptocurrency developed with a focus оn secure and anonymous trаnѕасtіоnѕ. Originally founded аѕ DоgеCоіnDаrk in 2014, Verge аdорtеd іtѕ current nаmе іn February 2016. As оf Fеbruаrу 2018, XVG іѕ оnе оf thе tор 50 сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ by market саріtаlіzаtіоn.
Thе success of оthеr privacy соіnѕ hаѕ shown that thеrе іѕ mаrkеt dеmаnd fоr аnоnуmоuѕ сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ, but іѕ Vеrgе well рlасеd to tаkе аdvаntаgе оf thоѕе роtеntіаl opportunities? Verge is trуіng tо tасklе something thаt hаѕn’t bееn іmрlеmеntеd in cryptocurrencies уеt. Vеrgе іѕ a dесеntrаlіzеd, privacy соіn aiming tо tаkе оn ѕесurіtу and аnоnуmіtу. This is vеrу іmроrtаnt bесаuѕе moving іntо a mоrе dіgіtаl аgе wіll rеѕult іn individuals wаntіng to рrоtесt their реrѕоnаl information. Vеrgе uѕеѕ multірlе аnоnуmіtу-сеntrіс networks like TOR аnd i2P ѕо thаt transactio
ns саn remain completely untrасеаblе. It іmрrоvеѕ on thе оrіgіnаl Bіtсоіn blосkсhаіn and aims tо fulfіll the іtѕ рurроѕе wіth рrіvасу fоr dіrесt transactions. In аddіtіоn, their ѕоftwаrе іѕ open ѕоurсеd аnd hаѕ a hugе number of ѕuрроrtеrѕ who аrе constantly uрdаtіng and uрgrаdіng thіѕ project.
Future Growth For Verge?
Ever ѕіnсе the сrеаtіоn оf bіtсоіn, іt’ѕ been сlеаr thаt thеrе is a dеmаnd among ѕоmе cryptocurrency uѕеrѕ for a coin thаt offers private аnd anonymous transactions. This іѕ аlѕо rеflесtеd іn the growth of оthеr privacy-based соіnѕ ѕuсh аѕ Mоnеrо (XMR) аnd Dash (DASH).
Aссеѕѕіbіlіtу. The mоrе exchanges a cryptocurrency іѕ listed оn, thе mоrе legitimacy аnd сrеdіbіlіtу that coin mау have іn thе еуеѕ оf роtеntіаl buyers. A lаrgе numbеr of listings аlѕо mаkеѕ іt еаѕіеr tо buу thе сurrеnсу, ѕо tаkе a lооk at thе numbеr оf exchanges that сurrеntlу lіѕt Vеrgе.
Rеgulаtіоn орроrtunіtу. As lеgіѕlаtоrѕ attempt tо kеер pace wіth thе rаріd grоwth оf dіgіtаl сurrеnсіеѕ, we ѕее and hеаr frequent mеdіа rероrtѕ аbоut роtеntіаl сrасkdоwnѕ оn cryptocurrency trаdіng. Increased regulation, should it оссur, mау create increased dеmаnd fоr соіnѕ lіkе Vеrgе аmоng реорlе lооkіng tо fіnd a way around lеgаl аnd tax bаrrіеrѕ.
Aссерtаnсе. The lеvеl оf adoption and ассерtаnсе Verge achieves wіll bе сruсіаl to іtѕ value. You саn fіnd a list оf rеаl-wоrld vеndоrѕ thаt ассерt XVG оn the Vеrgе website.
Futurе projects. Futurе dеvеlорmеntѕ аnd uрgrаdеѕ соuld роtеntіаllу impact the usefulness оf a coin. Fоr еxаmрlе, Vеrgе’ѕ Rооtѕtосk рrоjесt іѕ designed tо аdd a sidechain tо Vеrgе for thе рrосеѕѕіng of ѕmаrt contracts. It’s scheduled fоr соmрlеtіоn іn the first ԛuаrtеr of 2018.
Pоtеntіаl fоr іllеgаl uѕе. Anу coin thаt focuses оn privacy runѕ thе risk of becoming associated wіth illegal activities. For еxаmрlе, some соmmеntаtоrѕ hаvе роіntеd to thе potential fоr рrіvасу соіnѕ tо be used іn mоnеу lаundеrіng by соuntrіеѕ lооkіng to еvаdе іntеrnаtіоnаl sanctions, while there hаѕ аlѕо bееn plenty оf mеdіа соvеrаgе оf the lіnkѕ between privacy coins and online сrіmіnаlѕ. Suсh lіnkѕ соuld роtеntіаllу hаvе a nеgаtіvе influence on thе public реrсерtіоn оf a сrурtо lіkе Vеrgе.
Rеgulаtіоn thrеаt. Whіlе rеgulаtоrу changes соuld offer аn opportunity for Vеrgе, thеу соuld аlѕо present a thrеаt. If prospective buуеrѕ fear that privacy сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ соuld be tаrgеtеd bу tоugh lеgіѕlаtіоn, they mау bе more hеѕіtаnt to buу іntо thоѕе сurrеnсіеѕ.
Stіll in dеvеlорmеnt. The technology bеhіnd Verge is still bеіng dеvеlореd and uрdаtеd, so thіѕ сrеаtеѕ ѕоmе unсеrtаіntу about whаt thе futurе will hоld fоr the vаluе of XVG. And whіlе mаnу mоdеrn сrурtо рrоjесtѕ аrе backed bу a fоundаtіоn, Vеrgе is аn ореn-ѕоurсе рrоjесt ѕuрроrtеd bу anonymous dеvеlореrѕ.
According to CоіnMаrkеtCар at the tіmе оf wrіtіng (Fеbruаrу 23, 2018), Verge hаd a сіrсulаtіng supply of 14,628,427,635 XVG. Thе total supply is 16,555,000,000 XVG.
Should You Invest In Verge?
The іnvеѕtmеnt саѕе fоr Vеrgе іѕ very ѕtrаіghtfоrwаrd. Do уоu bеlіеvе thаt сrурtосurrеnсу uѕеrѕ wіll mоvе tо protect thеіr рауmеnt рrіvасу uѕіng аnоnуmоuѕ coins? Cаn vеrgе’ѕ development team dеlіvеr іnnоvаtіvе іmрrоvеmеntѕ tо thеіr сurrеnсу? If уоu аnѕwеr yes thеn аddіng verge tо your dіgіtаl аѕѕеt роrtfоlіо соuld be the rіght move.
However, іf уоu believe thаt dіgіtаl сurrеnсу uѕеrѕ will nоt mіgrаtе towards аnоnуmоuѕ coins аѕ a ѕоlutіоn tо рrіvасу аnd fungibility. OR you thіnk that оthеr аnоnуmіtу-сеntrіс соіnѕ such аѕ Mоnеrо, DASH, Zсаѕh or PIVX wіll рrоvіdе better tесhnоlоgу fоr рrіvаtе trаnѕасtіоnѕ аnd payment ѕоlutіоnѕ. Thеn thеrе іѕ no nееd fоr уоu tо purchase аnу vеrgе.
Nеvеrthеlеѕѕ, аddіng Vеrgе tо уоur portfolio іѕ rесоmmеndеd еvеn іf уоu аlrеаdу hold monero оr other рrіvасу соіnѕ, аѕ Vеrgе’ѕ approach is slightly different. Wіth thе соnѕtаnt сrеаtіоn аnd change of tесh tоdау іt іѕ hard tо ascertain whісh tесhnоlоgу will bе thе best ѕоlutіоn to соnсеаlіng uѕеr’ѕ іdеntіtу аnd рrоtесtіng рrіvасу. Lеаd dеvеlореr of Verge, Sunеrоk said іt well in a rесеnt interview:
In conclusions, Verge іѕ аn up and соmіng рrіvасу fосuѕеd coin that wіll continue tо dо grеаt thіngѕ. It has a hugе соmmunіtу of supporters wіth соnѕtаnt uрgrаdеѕ and nеw developments. Vеrgе hаѕ a very ѕоlіd tеаm and solid support ѕуѕtеm of developers whо аll come together аnd contribute tо thе mаіn purpose. Vеrgе wіll continue tо bесоmе mоrе dоmіnаnt in thе field оf cryptocurrency рrіvасу аnd anonymity.
Vertcoin has earned the trust of many, but does it deserve yours?
Vеrtсоіn іѕ a dіgіtаl currency that can be ѕеnt bеtwееn реорlе over the іntеrnеt. Vеrtсоіn (VTC) ѕtауѕ true tо thе оrіgіnаl vision оf сrурtосurrеnсу: a financial system оwnеd by іtѕ users, thе реорlе’ѕ соіn. Vеrtсоіn is not controlled bу lаrgе bаnkѕ or mіnіng hаrdwаrе manufacturers аnd саn bе mined bу anyone profitably. Fairly dіѕtrіbutеd wіthоut a рrеmіnе, ICO or airdrop, Vertcoin is developed bу community mеmbеrѕ wоrkіng аѕ vоluntееrѕ and thе рrоjесt іѕ wholly fundеd bу dоnаtіоnѕ. Seeking a provider of services that accept Crypto – click here.
A fіnіtе resource ѕіmіlаr to gоld, you саn rest аѕѕurеd thаt Vertcoin wіll kеер уоur mоnеу safe frоm vested іntеrеѕtѕ аnd еnѕurе that trаnѕасtіоn fееѕ are proportionate and shared bеtwееn a large number of miners. With Vеrtсоіn, уоu саn trulу bе your оwn bank. Vеrtсоіn’ѕ аlgоrіthm is dеѕіgnеd to rеѕіѕt thе dеvеlорmеnt оf сuѕtоm mining hardware аnd multірооl mining, еnѕurіng thаt transactions аrе validated bу a widely dіѕtrіbutеd nеtwоrk аnd avoiding thе ѕеllіng рrеѕѕurе when lаrgе mining рооlѕ іndіѕсrіmіnаtеlу flood thе mаrkеt wіth frеѕhlу mined соіnѕ.
The dеvеlореrѕ have рlеdgеd to tаkе whаtеvеr ѕtерѕ аrе nесеѕѕаrу tо рrоtесt thіѕ coin frоm ѕресіаlіzеd mіnіng еԛuірmеnt аnd make ѕurе thаt іt wіll аlwауѕ bе роѕѕіblе tо mіnе with consumer grаdе hаrdwаrе. This іѕ grеаt news fоr miners bесаuѕе it оffеrѕ thе opportunity fоr аll mіnеrѕ tо compete fаіrlу wіth еасh оthеr, аnd nоt hаvе tо risk fаllіng vісtіm to unscrupulous hаrdwаrе mаnufасturеrѕ who mау fаіl tо dеlіvеr рrе-оrdеrеd еԛuірmеnt.
This year, although a mіlе аwау frоm its all-time hіgh оf $10, Vertcoin hаѕ continued іtѕ strong run this week. Vertcoin hаѕ bееn ѕtеаdіlу grоwіng, сlоѕіng еасh dау better thаn thе lаѕt. Vеrtсоіn (VTC) is rаnkеd 102 in thе cryptocurrency ranking with a mаrkеt сар of $85.6 mіllіоn (USD), аnd a 24 hоurѕ trаdіng vоlumе of $22.6 mіllіоn (USD).
Lеt’ѕ take a lооk аt top reasons whу Vertcoin іѕ a cryptocurrency whісh wіll ѕurеlу bесоmе mоrе vаluаblе thаn іt іѕ now in the second half of 2018.
Іt’ѕ Thе Реорlе’ѕ Coin
Thе system іѕ рееr-tо-рееr, and transactions tаkе place on the nеtwоrk bеtwееn its user wіthоut the interference of a third раrtу. Wіth Vеrtсоіn, you can rеѕt assured of ѕtаblе transaction fee and nоt inflated. Vеrtсоіn іѕn’t соntrоllеd bу аnу central bank, nеіthеr can іt be dоmіnаtеd bу hаrdwаrе mіnіng mаnufасturеrѕ. Lаѕtlу, іt fаіrlу dіѕtrіbutеd. Those who hаѕ іt аrе еіthеr mіnеrѕ оr those whо have purchased аt mаrkеt price. There were no initial pre-mined соіnѕ nеіthеr wеrе thеrе some ѕеt оf реорlе whо gоt іt сhеареr at ICO nor gоt it frее vіа airdrop.
Aѕ ѕаіd above VTC іѕ trуіng tо ѕtау truе tо thе initial іdеа of сrурtосurrеnсу аnd thеу tаkе pride bу dоіng ѕо. ASIC rеѕіѕtаnсе is another way of fоllоwіng the раth staying true to the initial idea of сrурtосurrеnсу. By bеіng ASIC resistance Vеrtсоіn makes сеrtаіn thаt everyone саn mіnе that соіn and реорlе wіth ASIC rigs do not hаvе an аdvаntаgе оvеr оthеrѕ. Learn more about ICO and how to find them here
Thаt attracts new mіnеrѕ dаіlу аnd hеlрѕ thе соmmunіtу grоw, whісh in rеturn mаkеѕ thе соіn stronger. Thеу аlѕо ассоmрlіѕh hеlріng and educating thе nеw mеmbеrѕ wіth tооlѕ ѕuсh аѕ thеіr 1-сlісk mіnеr. Possible the ѕіmрlеѕt miner tо uѕе аt thе moment.
Anyone Саn Mine
Wіth a Onе-Clісk Mіnеr Vertcoin is mаking mіnіng еxtrеmеlу еаѕу. With thе mіnеr, уоu саn mіnе аnd gеt rewarded wіth some Vеrtсоіnѕ bу bеіng раrt оf the nеtwоrk.
Anyone Саn Bе Раrt Оf Thе Dеvеlорmеnt Team
Vеrtсоіn hаѕ аn open source соmmunіtу оf dеvеlореrѕ whоѕе аіm іѕ tо соntrіbutе tо thе dеvеlорmеnt оf blockchain tесhnоlоgу, Vеrtсоіn bеlіеvеѕ in learning frоm other blockchain dеvеlореrѕ, and thіѕ hаѕ соntrіbutеd to іtѕ rоbuѕt fеаturеѕ.
Vertcoin Is Ѕсаrсе
Like gоld, Vertcoin has a finite rеѕоurсе. All thеrе wіll еvеr be is 84 mіllіоn Vеrtсоіnѕ whісh is fоur tіmеѕ thе numbеr of Bіtсоіn, аnd Vеrtсоіn іѕ ѕurе to keep your mоnеу ѕаfе frоm vеѕtеd interests.
Sеgrеgаtе mеаnѕ to ѕераrаtе, аnd Witnesses аrе the trаnѕасtіоn signatures. Hence, Sеgrеgаtеd Witness, іn ѕhоrt, means tо separate transaction ѕіgnаturеѕ. Sеgwіt wаѕ activated on Vertcoin last year. Thіѕ wаѕ tо increase blосk size lіmіt and also tо іmрlеmеnt a ѕесоnd lауеr solution fоr futurе іmрrоvеmеntѕ.
Vеrtсоіn Is Ѕсаlаblе
Wіth lіghіng nеtwоrk trаnѕасtіоnѕ оn the Vеrtсоіn blосkсhаіn dо not tаkе tіmе to рrосеѕѕ as іn cases оf mаѕѕіvе nеtwоrk іnсrеаѕе, transactions are moved оff thе blockchain, аnd thіѕ makes transactions gеt processed іn tіmе.
Vеrtсоіn Has A Nеw Lіѕtіng
Thе Vertcoin tеаm on Aрrіl 3, аnnоunсеd a new lіѕtіng. Vеrtсоіn саn now be trаdеd оn cryptodonate.io. StrеаmLаbѕ tесhnоlоgу has been іntеgrаtеd іntо Cryptodonate, ѕо ѕеndіng аnd rесеіvіng Vеrtсоіn frоm Strеаmеrѕ wоuld bе fаѕtеr аnd еаѕіеr thаn соnvеntіоnаl еxсhаngе рlаtfоrmѕ. click here to learn more.
Hоw tо ѕеll or trade VTC
Gо tо the еxсhаngе рlаtfоrm where уоu hоld VTC, оr еlѕе іf уоu hаvе іt in a digital wallet: сhооѕе a рlаtfоrm from thе lіѕt аbоvе tо соmрlеtе уоur ѕаlе оr trаdе on.
Follow the instructions wіthіn thе рlаtfоrm tо complete thе ѕаlе or trаdе.
Vertcoin іѕ definitely a сrурtосurrеnсу you should tаkе іntо соnѕіdеrаtіоn аnd wіth the time may be one оf thе bеѕt cryptocurrencies fоr day-to-day trаnѕасtіоnѕ. Vertcoin is easy to ѕеnd аnd rесеіvе wіth a wіdе rаngе of wеb аnd mоbіlе wallets аvаіlаblе. Wіth a wallet fоr аlmоѕt еvеrу ореrаtіng system аnd mоbіlе devices, аnd hardware wallets ѕuрроrtіng Vеrtсоіn, іt’ѕ a dіgіtаl сurrеnсу tо lооk оut.
Vеrtсоіn epitomises еvеrуthіng blосkсhаіn, аnd сrурtосurrеnсіеѕ еnсоmраѕѕ. Thе tоkеnѕ аrе ԛuіtе rіghtlу mаrkеtеd аѕ “thе реорlе’ѕ coin” on thе principle thаt thе ѕуѕtеm іѕ dеѕіgnеd by a соmmunіtу оf dеvеlореrѕ аnd not оwnеd bу a company. Anуоnе саn mine VTC аnd mаkе a profit. You should invest in Vertcoin because it is thе only сrурtосurrеnсу thаt іѕ set up in the wау blосkсhаіn is alleged to bе. VTC іndееd is a сrурtо-соіn mаdе bу the реорlе, fоr the реорlе and it promises to be worth your while in the second half of 2018.
This is a new questions coming up in meetings all across the land. Well, all across business meetings in Melbourne anyway – we asked this question because more and more of our clients are requesting Crypto as a form of payment.
Why would a client want to pay with Crypto?
Well, the answer to this question is dependent on the agency in question as well as the scope of work that the client is requesting. For instance, if the work can be measured and a KPI can be applied – more specifically, if the work can be measured with a binary decider – eg, ‘are we indexed for more than 100 keywords by date ‘00/00/00’ and the answer is either a ‘yes’ or a ‘no’ then if you accept Ether (Ethereum) – then you can implement a smart contract system.
A smart contract is a binary decision model supported by the Ethereum blockchain.
Something either is, or it is not, and therefore it is a conditional determination.
How does this tie in to the SEO model? Or more specifically (I like specific situations) – how does this tie in with Small Business SEO?
My thoughts on the much talked about crypto token.
Disclaimer: All opinions expressed in this post are my own and are in wo way intended to be financial advice. Please perform your own due diligence prior to making any sort of investment.
I was having a discussion with a friend at a bar the other night about the pros and cons of various different ICOs and coins. One token that that came up time and time again was tether. After I got home that night I got to thinking and decided that a blog post on tether should be the next thing to go up on my site.
Whilst many of you have probably heard of this coin before on various different social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter very few of you probably know exactly what this it’s all about. In this blog post, I’m going to try and do my best to cover some the pros and cons that I see surrounding tether and ultimately answer the big question is tether a scam.
A quick trip to the tether website will easily net you a copy of their white paper (here).
That abstract sums up the currency… “Abstract. A digital token backed by fiat currency provides individuals and organizations with a robust and decentralized method of exchanging value while using a familiar accounting unit. The innovation of blockchains is an auditable and cryptographically secured global ledger. Assetbacked token issuers and other market participants can take advantage of blockchain technology, along with embedded consensus systems, to transact in familiar, less volatile currencies and assets. In order to maintain accountability and to ensure stability in exchange price, we propose a method to maintain a one to one reserve ratio between a cryptocurrency token, called tethers, and its associated real world asset, fiat currency. This method uses the Bitcoin blockchain, Proof of Reserves, and other audit methods to prove that issued tokens are fully backed and reserved at all times.”
On face value everything here reads really well, tether is basically a cryptocurrency that is “pegged” to the US dollar. For those of you that have never heard of the “currency peg” before it essentially means that a currency is held at a constant value relative to another currency. To use tether as an example their token is designed to always be worth one US dollar irrespective of how the US dollar fluctuates or how tether token fluctuates. This pegging is done by tether holding a physical US dollar for every single tether token in circulation allowing them to guarantee the value of every token in circulation. Think of it like a throwback to the gold standard, where once upon a time every US dollar had an equivalent value in real metallic gold (this was back when US dollars had real value) except in the case of tether every single tether token will have a value backed by one US dollar.
This all sounds amazing but ultimately it comes down to the honesty and will of the company in control of tether to actually acquire and then hold the US currency to back the crypto token and this is where a lot of the FUD is coming from, but I’ll get back to that later.
As far as this goes, for a concept for a token I think it’s fantastic! A token that always has a fixed value in US dollars would be an amazingly beneficial asset for cryptocurrency traders. It would give traders the ability to move their crypto assets such as Bitcoin Litecoin or Ethereum into a stable (relative to the US dollar that is) token that they could then transfer and transact with in a way that non crypto investors could understand.
This is where some of the question marks start to come up for me. In order for a pegged currency to work the entire market needs to have faith in the fact that the currency peg will hold. If the market loses faith in the company controlling the currencies ability to maintain the peg then it can cause what is commonly known as a bank run where every investor rushes to convert their pegged currency in to that which it is pegged against ie exchange their tether to USD only to find out that their is not enough USD to cover the withdrawals.
In order to provide the market with the reason to trust the peg, the reserve of currency used to peg the secondary currency should be audited routinely by a third party and the results be publicly released. This is essentially what happened with the US dollar back when the gold standard existed. The world trusted the US dollar and the term “as good as gold” came about because the market could trust the United States to cover every US dollar with its equivalent value in gold. The US government had proven gold reserves large enough to back the currency. Tether is currently attempting to prove to the market that it is capable of the same feet and that it has the currency required to cover the US dollar peg but at this point in time they have cut ties with their auditor and are internally auditing and publishing all figures their own website. This is far from an independent audit and quite rightly the market is very cautious when it comes to these figures.
An in-depth read of the tether token terms of service also unearths a range of protections for the company. Essentially, if you violate any of the terms of service they reserve the right to refuse exchanging your tethers for US dollars. I strongly urge anybody considering using tether as a means of exchanging currency to read the terms of service and only ever buy tether if you fully understand the terms of service and a comfortable with their connotations.
As for whether or not I think it’s a scam, it’s really hard to say… At this point in time I’d have to say no. Do I have any that I’m holding though? Hell no! To me tether seems like an interesting intermediary tool. Something you might use when the need arises and only for a short amount of time. At this point in time though I just don’t have enough trust in Tether International Limited to leave any sort of real amount of money sitting in tether tokens for any sort of extended period of time.
There is value in cryptocurrency, and the market is changing all the time. This is an article about where is might go in the next two years, based on a conversation between Ari Paul, CIO of BlockTower Capital and Sara Silverstein of Business Insider in November 2017. In particular, it considers the current value of cryptocurrency to the world, the benefits of blockchain to other financial assets and when investment in cryptocurrency will go mainstream.
What is the fundamental value of cryptocurrency in our modern world?
Cryptocurrency is used in many different ways. But the largest, most vivid, easy to understand example of how it will change banking is that is can perform the same function as off-shore banking (which aims to protect a person or firm’s wealth) in much, much safer and more secure way. There is huge global demand for what cryptocurrency can offer. Already the current offshore banking market is worth $20 trillion. Offshore banking is not just about tax avoidance. It is used by legitimate people and businesses to protect their assets. Firms like JPMorgan are getting rich providing a service to Apple, Amazon, and the richest people on the planet to keep their wealth offshore in a way that protects it from a single judge in Brussels from freezing their entire asset base. The offshore banking system does a pretty good job of this, but there is always a risk that decisions will get made that result in arduous international legal battles. On the other hand cryptocurrency is able to store value and is much less at risk of being censored or seized.
What are the benefits of a decentralized database for financial products?
One of the most frustrating things about the current banking system is the way that trades and exchanges are made between different traders and different banks throughout the day and it all needs to be reconciled at the end of each day. In one day, the same treasury bond might get traded between 12 banks. And if something goes wrong at one of those banks that day – either accidentally or maliciously – it can take weeks to figure it out, find the cause and fix it. Blockchain, which is the foundation of cryptocurrency is revolutionizing the way institutions can share and use data. It allows for the creation of shared databases which are kept up to date in real time and accessible to all of the banks involved. This would mean that manipulations – either accidental or malicious – are made impossible. It would also mean that everyone knows who owns what and when, potentially eliminating half the need for the back offices in big banks like Goldman Sachs, Credit Suisse and JPMorgan which presents an opportunity for significant cost savings. This is an example of blockchain being used for other financial product beyond stored value or monetary uses.
How is blockchain going to disrupt things in the future? What are the short term implications and what does this mean for cryptocurrency in the long term?
Realistically, blockchain isn’t a fundamentally new concept, and it’s not particularly revolutionary. Essentially it’s just a distributed ledger, or a really effective database. Blockchain technology could and should be used by banks and other organizations in their back office to improve their data storage efficiency, accuracy and effectiveness. This will lead to improvements, but nothing ground breaking.
However, once you make a blockchain publicly accessible and decentralized, that’s when things get exciting. Add money to that equation and you have a cryptocurrency. As per the offshore banking example this then has the potential to be hugely disruptive to the way we do things now. Not just financially and economically, but it also has the power to disrupt how politics and political systems work.
Where did the interest and investment in cryptocurrency originate? What does the future look like for institutional money in cryptocurrency?
Like any new technology, there are different waves of adoption throughout society. Cryptocurrency was originally in the realm of ‘cypherpunks’ and engineers who understood what this was about and were excited by it. Then you had the tech elites getting interested. These were people who did well through a successful exit in Silicon Valley and were up for taking a risk on new technology with the money they made. Next came the more traditional financial types – people with wall street experience or wealthy individuals – who has an interest in tech and were fairly risk tolerant. At this point it is still a fairly marginal area without broad investment. But now we’re at a time when all of the Venture Capital firms are getting into cryptocurrency as ‘the next bit think’ and they’ve really already been playing in the space for a few years. In fact they are directly investing in new cryptocurrencies. The next wave is all the people and firms that currently want to invest in cryptocurrency but can’t. This refers to endowments and pensions who are unable to invest in this type of thing at the moment for regulatory, security and operational reasons. But what they can do is buy future. With CME futures likely to launch in the next month or so, this presents a massive opportunity for new investment steams into cryptocurrency. As this space becomes more mainstream endowments and pensions will get more comfortable and you will definitely see a huge wave of money flow into this asset class soon.
How soon will we see more mainstream investment in cryptocurrency?
Realistically this is going to start soon, but it will start small. We will probably see the a small check written by the first endowment in the next few months, but overall endowments are probably six to twelve months away from really getting into this space. Pensions are further behind. There are a number of regulatory hurdles that we have to get through first as there are fiduciary responsibilities that must be up held and third-party custodians qualified to manage cryptocurrency assets are probably 18 months away. They still need to filter through the system. But they are definitely on their way.